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Media Invited to NASA Marshall Event Encouraging Partnerships with Historically Black Colleges/Universities, Other Minority-serving Institutions
the leaders would have attempted a coup to dismiss Claude Puel before Angers
NASA: US Needs More Nuclear Spacecraft to be Global Space Leader as China Ramps Up
Early dinosaurs may have lived in social herds as early as 193 million years ago ? NovLink
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The Monaco robbery! ? Players? briefing and NOTES (PSV 1-2 ASM) ? Football
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                    [title] => Media Invited to NASA Marshall Event Encouraging Partnerships with Historically Black Colleges/Universities, Other Minority-serving Institutions
                    [link] => https://bbc-edition.com/media-invited-to-nasa-marshall-event-encouraging-partnerships-with-historically-black-colleges-universities-other-minority-serving-institutions/
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                    [pubdate] => Fri, 22 Oct 2021 03:41:00 +0000
                    [category] => SpaceBlackCollegesUniversitiesencouragingeventhistoricallyinstitutionsInvitedMarshallmediaMinorityservingNASApartnerships
                    [guid] => https://bbc-edition.com/media-invited-to-nasa-marshall-event-encouraging-partnerships-with-historically-black-colleges-universities-other-minority-serving-institutions/
                    [description] => Media Invited to NASA Marshall Event Encouraging Partnerships with Historically Black Colleges/Universities, Other Minority-serving Institutions Press Release From: Marshall Space Flight Center Posted: Thursday, October 21, 2021 NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama, is partnering with The Catalyst Business Entrepreneurship Center, the Alabama A&M University National Science Foundation Established Program to Stimulate Competitive ... Read more
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Media Invited to NASA Marshall Event Encouraging Partnerships with Historically Black Colleges/Universities, Other Minority-serving Institutions

Press Release
From: Marshall Space Flight Center
Posted: Thursday, October 21, 2021

NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama, is partnering with The Catalyst Business Entrepreneurship Center, the Alabama A&M University National Science Foundation Established Program to Stimulate Competitive Research (AAMU NSF EPSCoR), and the Department of Defense to host a two-day event.

Marshall will host the seventh annual Historically Black Colleges and Universities / Minority Serving Institutions Partnerships Meeting Oct. 26 from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. CST, virtually via Zoom. On Oct. 27, Alabama A&M will host the AAMU NSF EPSCoR Summit, virtually via Zoom from 9:30 a.m. to 2:15 p.m. CST. Members of the news media are invited to attend both events, which are free and open to the public.

The events will highlight the critical role historically Black colleges and universities and other minority-serving institutions play in the success of NASA’s missions, as well as serve as a partnering opportunity to pair academic institutions with NASA large contractors.

Participants should register individually and are asked not to share their unique meeting link. To register, visit here.

Marshall and NASA small business leaders and managers will provide updates on key NASA initiatives. Among them: NASA’s Mentor-Protégé Program, which allows for HBCUs/MSIs to pair up with NASA large contractors; the Minority University Research Education Program, which engages minority-serving institutions via grants and other partner initiatives; and the NASA Small Business Technology Transfer Program, which unites cutting-edge academic work with NASA’s proven legacy of flight projects and programs.

NASA speakers will include:

Glenn Delgado, associate administrator of NASA’s Office of Small Business Programs

Larry Leopard, Marshall associate director, technical

Jason Detko, director of Marshall’s Office of Procurement

David Brock, small business specialist at Marshall

Gwenevere Jasper, Marshall Small Business Technology Transfer technology transition lead

Dan O’Neil, Marshall dual-use manager

Steven Holz, assistant project manager, Langley Research Center

Rod Chappell, lead, Partnerships and Sustainability Minority University Research & Education Project, Langley Research Center

Media interested in covering the event should contact Janet Sudnik in Marshall’s Office of Communications at janet.m.sudnik@nasa.gov no later than 4 p.m., Monday, Oct. 25.

The meeting is sponsored by Marshall’s Office of Procurement and Small Business Office. To learn more about doing business with Marshall, please visit:

http://www.nasa.gov/centers/marshall/about/business.html

// end //

More news releases and status reports or top stories.

Please follow SpaceRef on Twitter and Like us on Facebook.

) [summary] => Media Invited to NASA Marshall Event Encouraging Partnerships with Historically Black Colleges/Universities, Other Minority-serving Institutions Press Release From: Marshall Space Flight Center Posted: Thursday, October 21, 2021 NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama, is partnering with The Catalyst Business Entrepreneurship Center, the Alabama A&M University National Science Foundation Established Program to Stimulate Competitive ... Read more [atom_content] =>

Media Invited to NASA Marshall Event Encouraging Partnerships with Historically Black Colleges/Universities, Other Minority-serving Institutions

Press Release
From: Marshall Space Flight Center
Posted: Thursday, October 21, 2021

NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama, is partnering with The Catalyst Business Entrepreneurship Center, the Alabama A&M University National Science Foundation Established Program to Stimulate Competitive Research (AAMU NSF EPSCoR), and the Department of Defense to host a two-day event.

Marshall will host the seventh annual Historically Black Colleges and Universities / Minority Serving Institutions Partnerships Meeting Oct. 26 from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. CST, virtually via Zoom. On Oct. 27, Alabama A&M will host the AAMU NSF EPSCoR Summit, virtually via Zoom from 9:30 a.m. to 2:15 p.m. CST. Members of the news media are invited to attend both events, which are free and open to the public.

The events will highlight the critical role historically Black colleges and universities and other minority-serving institutions play in the success of NASA’s missions, as well as serve as a partnering opportunity to pair academic institutions with NASA large contractors.

Participants should register individually and are asked not to share their unique meeting link. To register, visit here.

Marshall and NASA small business leaders and managers will provide updates on key NASA initiatives. Among them: NASA’s Mentor-Protégé Program, which allows for HBCUs/MSIs to pair up with NASA large contractors; the Minority University Research Education Program, which engages minority-serving institutions via grants and other partner initiatives; and the NASA Small Business Technology Transfer Program, which unites cutting-edge academic work with NASA’s proven legacy of flight projects and programs.

NASA speakers will include:

Glenn Delgado, associate administrator of NASA’s Office of Small Business Programs

Larry Leopard, Marshall associate director, technical

Jason Detko, director of Marshall’s Office of Procurement

David Brock, small business specialist at Marshall

Gwenevere Jasper, Marshall Small Business Technology Transfer technology transition lead

Dan O’Neil, Marshall dual-use manager

Steven Holz, assistant project manager, Langley Research Center

Rod Chappell, lead, Partnerships and Sustainability Minority University Research & Education Project, Langley Research Center

Media interested in covering the event should contact Janet Sudnik in Marshall’s Office of Communications at janet.m.sudnik@nasa.gov no later than 4 p.m., Monday, Oct. 25.

The meeting is sponsored by Marshall’s Office of Procurement and Small Business Office. To learn more about doing business with Marshall, please visit:

http://www.nasa.gov/centers/marshall/about/business.html

// end //

More news releases and status reports or top stories.

Please follow SpaceRef on Twitter and Like us on Facebook.

[date_timestamp] => 1634874060 ) [1] => Array ( [title] => the leaders would have attempted a coup to dismiss Claude Puel before Angers [link] => https://bbc-edition.com/the-leaders-would-have-attempted-a-coup-to-dismiss-claude-puel-before-angers/ [dc] => Array ( [creator] => Harry Rivers ) [pubdate] => Fri, 22 Oct 2021 03:33:58 +0000 [category] => InternationalAngersattemptedClaudecoupdismissLeadersPuel [guid] => https://bbc-edition.com/the-leaders-would-have-attempted-a-coup-to-dismiss-claude-puel-before-angers/ [description] => Zapping But! Football Club ASSE – OL: The post-match debrief Threatened by the supporters even before the ASSE – SCO Angers match, decisive for whether or not he remains on the bench for the Greens, Claude Puel will know whatever happens on a complicated Friday day. On the management side, we are thinking about all ... Read more [content] => Array ( [encoded] =>

Zapping But! Football Club ASSE – OL: The post-match debrief

Threatened by the supporters even before the ASSE – SCO Angers match, decisive for whether or not he remains on the bench for the Greens, Claude Puel will know whatever happens on a complicated Friday day. On the management side, we are thinking about all the possible options to part with Castres and his very large salary (? 250,000 per month).

SEE ALSO: ALL NEWS FROM AS SAINT-ETIENNE

Puel would have refused a reclassification solution

Aware that the manager will not resign, the Loire leaders had thought of an idea to pacify (a little) the environment while avoiding having to pay large severance payments. Indeed, according to Le 10 Sport, Claude Puel would have been offered the possibility of leaving his managerial position to be ?promoted? to another position at the club until the end of his contract.

Claude Puel denounces “fake news” about him

A solution aimed at removing Claude Puel from the field which has obviously not been validated by the main interested party, who reaffirmed his motivation at a press conference on Thursday: ?I am not used to putting myself forward. I want to give everything with my staff for the team. There is an environment with a lot of fake news about me, but I don’t care. (…) I’m not going to spread out. My action, I have been leading it for two years. And I am on a mission ?.

As every time he is in this complicated situation with the supporters (at OL and Nice in particular), the 60-year-old technician is closed to all discussions. If the Saint-Etienne leaders want to separate from Claude Puel, we will have to go to the cashier …

Claude Puel refused an offer of reclassification

According to 10 Sport, the leaders of ASSE would have tried to separate from Claude Puel by offering him an internal “promotion” in the offices. The Manager of the Greens would have refused, focused on the preparation of the match against Angers.

) [summary] => Zapping But! Football Club ASSE – OL: The post-match debrief Threatened by the supporters even before the ASSE – SCO Angers match, decisive for whether or not he remains on the bench for the Greens, Claude Puel will know whatever happens on a complicated Friday day. On the management side, we are thinking about all ... Read more [atom_content] =>

Zapping But! Football Club ASSE – OL: The post-match debrief

Threatened by the supporters even before the ASSE – SCO Angers match, decisive for whether or not he remains on the bench for the Greens, Claude Puel will know whatever happens on a complicated Friday day. On the management side, we are thinking about all the possible options to part with Castres and his very large salary (? 250,000 per month).

SEE ALSO: ALL NEWS FROM AS SAINT-ETIENNE

Puel would have refused a reclassification solution

Aware that the manager will not resign, the Loire leaders had thought of an idea to pacify (a little) the environment while avoiding having to pay large severance payments. Indeed, according to Le 10 Sport, Claude Puel would have been offered the possibility of leaving his managerial position to be ?promoted? to another position at the club until the end of his contract.

Claude Puel denounces “fake news” about him

A solution aimed at removing Claude Puel from the field which has obviously not been validated by the main interested party, who reaffirmed his motivation at a press conference on Thursday: ?I am not used to putting myself forward. I want to give everything with my staff for the team. There is an environment with a lot of fake news about me, but I don’t care. (…) I’m not going to spread out. My action, I have been leading it for two years. And I am on a mission ?.

As every time he is in this complicated situation with the supporters (at OL and Nice in particular), the 60-year-old technician is closed to all discussions. If the Saint-Etienne leaders want to separate from Claude Puel, we will have to go to the cashier …

Claude Puel refused an offer of reclassification

According to 10 Sport, the leaders of ASSE would have tried to separate from Claude Puel by offering him an internal “promotion” in the offices. The Manager of the Greens would have refused, focused on the preparation of the match against Angers.

[date_timestamp] => 1634873638 ) [2] => Array ( [title] => NASA: US Needs More Nuclear Spacecraft to be Global Space Leader as China Ramps Up [link] => https://bbc-edition.com/nasa-us-needs-more-nuclear-spacecraft-to-be-global-space-leader-as-china-ramps-up/ [dc] => Array ( [creator] => Susan Hall ) [pubdate] => Fri, 22 Oct 2021 03:24:57 +0000 [category] => SpaceChinaChina spacegloballeaderNASANASA US Nuclear SpacecraftnuclearRampsspacespacecraftUS Global Space Leader [guid] => https://bbc-edition.com/nasa-us-needs-more-nuclear-spacecraft-to-be-global-space-leader-as-china-ramps-up/ [description] => NASA says the United States or the US needs more nuclear-powered spacecraft to remain as the global space leader. It comes as China rapidly ramped up its space exploration endeavors. (Photo : by Ethan Miller/Getty Images)LAS VEGAS, NV – JANUARY 11: The NASA logo is displayed at the agency’s booth during CES 2018 at the ... Read more [content] => Array ( [encoded] =>

NASA says the United States or the US needs more nuclear-powered spacecraft to remain as the global space leader. It comes as China rapidly ramped up its space exploration endeavors.

(Photo : by Ethan Miller/Getty Images)
LAS VEGAS, NV – JANUARY 11: The NASA logo is displayed at the agency’s booth during CES 2018 at the Las Vegas Convention Center on January 11, 2018 in Las Vegas, Nevada. CES, the world’s largest annual consumer technology trade show, runs through January 12 and features about 3,900 exhibitors showing off their latest products and services to more than 170,000 attendees.

NASA: The US Needs More Nuclear Spacecraft

As per FoxNews, the senior advisor for budget and finance of NASA, Bhavya Lal, bared that the “strategic competitors” of the US are already working on multiple nuclear-powered spacecraft.

And, if the US wants to stop its close rivals like China from being the next global space leader, it needs to speed up its investments in nuclear-powered spacecraft.

The NASA official said these pronouncements to the House Science, Space, and Tech subcommittee.

China’s Nuclear-Powered Spacecraft

It comes as reports have been suggesting that China recently launched a two orbital rocket that could fly nuclear weapons at hypersonic fast speeds, making it hard to stop.

Although the said rocket launch of the Asian country reportedly missed its target by two dozen miles, the US intelligence officials are still surprised by it.

However, according to the report of Futurism, China denied these allegations, saying that it was a mere routine spacecraft check.

Nevertheless, some folks are still suggesting that the US intelligence underestimated the capabilities of the military-led space agency of China, similar to what previously happened with Russia.

NASA: Nuclear Spacecraft Could Speed Up Mars Mission

On top of that, Lal further urged the Congress that the US “needs to move at a fast pace to stay competitive and to remain a leader in the global space community.”

It is worth noting that nuclear-powered rockets are drastically faster than the older chemical-propelled rockets that NASA mainly uses today.

What’s more, these nuclear-powered spacecraft could reach Mars in an estimate of at least three months. That said, astronauts could start their mission on the Red Planet at an earlier time frame with this kind of space technology.

Read Also: China to Create Mars Helicopter Like NASA’s Ingenuity; First Crewed Mission Set in 2033

NASA vs. China: Mars Human Landing

Both NASA and Congress agree that human landing on Mars is planned to take place in 2033. But the co-chair of the Committee on Space Nuclear Propulsion TEchnologies at the Academies of Sciences begs to disagree, saying that humans landing on the Red Planet is “likely unobtainable by 2033.”

On the other hand, China remains consistent with its plan to bring its crew mission to the Martian planet in 2033, as per the report of Reuters.

Futurism further added in the same report that if the pronouncements of Lal in front of the Congress subcommittee are true, then China is likely going to hit this target using their nuclear-powered spacecraft.

Related Article: Japan’s Mars Mission Plans to Bring Soil Samples to Earth in 2029-Ahead of NASA, China

This article is owned by Tech Times

Written by Teejay Boris

? 2021 TECHTIMES.com All rights reserved. Do not reproduce without permission.

.

) [summary] => NASA says the United States or the US needs more nuclear-powered spacecraft to remain as the global space leader. It comes as China rapidly ramped up its space exploration endeavors. (Photo : by Ethan Miller/Getty Images)LAS VEGAS, NV – JANUARY 11: The NASA logo is displayed at the agency’s booth during CES 2018 at the ... Read more [atom_content] =>

NASA says the United States or the US needs more nuclear-powered spacecraft to remain as the global space leader. It comes as China rapidly ramped up its space exploration endeavors.

(Photo : by Ethan Miller/Getty Images)
LAS VEGAS, NV – JANUARY 11: The NASA logo is displayed at the agency’s booth during CES 2018 at the Las Vegas Convention Center on January 11, 2018 in Las Vegas, Nevada. CES, the world’s largest annual consumer technology trade show, runs through January 12 and features about 3,900 exhibitors showing off their latest products and services to more than 170,000 attendees.

NASA: The US Needs More Nuclear Spacecraft

As per FoxNews, the senior advisor for budget and finance of NASA, Bhavya Lal, bared that the “strategic competitors” of the US are already working on multiple nuclear-powered spacecraft.

And, if the US wants to stop its close rivals like China from being the next global space leader, it needs to speed up its investments in nuclear-powered spacecraft.

The NASA official said these pronouncements to the House Science, Space, and Tech subcommittee.

China’s Nuclear-Powered Spacecraft

It comes as reports have been suggesting that China recently launched a two orbital rocket that could fly nuclear weapons at hypersonic fast speeds, making it hard to stop.

Although the said rocket launch of the Asian country reportedly missed its target by two dozen miles, the US intelligence officials are still surprised by it.

However, according to the report of Futurism, China denied these allegations, saying that it was a mere routine spacecraft check.

Nevertheless, some folks are still suggesting that the US intelligence underestimated the capabilities of the military-led space agency of China, similar to what previously happened with Russia.

NASA: Nuclear Spacecraft Could Speed Up Mars Mission

On top of that, Lal further urged the Congress that the US “needs to move at a fast pace to stay competitive and to remain a leader in the global space community.”

It is worth noting that nuclear-powered rockets are drastically faster than the older chemical-propelled rockets that NASA mainly uses today.

What’s more, these nuclear-powered spacecraft could reach Mars in an estimate of at least three months. That said, astronauts could start their mission on the Red Planet at an earlier time frame with this kind of space technology.

Read Also: China to Create Mars Helicopter Like NASA’s Ingenuity; First Crewed Mission Set in 2033

NASA vs. China: Mars Human Landing

Both NASA and Congress agree that human landing on Mars is planned to take place in 2033. But the co-chair of the Committee on Space Nuclear Propulsion TEchnologies at the Academies of Sciences begs to disagree, saying that humans landing on the Red Planet is “likely unobtainable by 2033.”

On the other hand, China remains consistent with its plan to bring its crew mission to the Martian planet in 2033, as per the report of Reuters.

Futurism further added in the same report that if the pronouncements of Lal in front of the Congress subcommittee are true, then China is likely going to hit this target using their nuclear-powered spacecraft.

Related Article: Japan’s Mars Mission Plans to Bring Soil Samples to Earth in 2029-Ahead of NASA, China

This article is owned by Tech Times

Written by Teejay Boris

? 2021 TECHTIMES.com All rights reserved. Do not reproduce without permission.

.

[date_timestamp] => 1634873097 ) [3] => Array ( [title] => Early dinosaurs may have lived in social herds as early as 193 million years ago ? NovLink [link] => https://bbc-edition.com/early-dinosaurs-may-have-lived-in-social-herds-as-early-as-193-million-years-ago-novlink/ [dc] => Array ( [creator] => Betty Foster ) [pubdate] => Fri, 22 Oct 2021 03:20:13 +0000 [category] => Health & Science News [guid] => https://bbc-edition.com/early-dinosaurs-may-have-lived-in-social-herds-as-early-as-193-million-years-ago-novlink/ [description] => Journal Reference: Pol, D., Mancuso, A.C., Smith, R.M.H. et al. Earliest evidence of herd-living and age segregation amongst dinosaurs. Sci Rep, 2021 DOI: 10.1038/s41598-021-99176-1 In a paper appearing in Scientific Reports, researchers from MIT, Argentina, and South Africa detail their discovery of an exceptionally preserved group of early dinosaurs that shows signs of complex herd ... Read more [content] => Array ( [encoded] =>

Journal Reference:

  1. Pol, D., Mancuso, A.C., Smith, R.M.H. et al. Earliest evidence of herd-living and age segregation amongst dinosaurs. Sci Rep, 2021 DOI: 10.1038/s41598-021-99176-1

In a paper appearing in Scientific Reports, researchers from MIT, Argentina, and South Africa detail their discovery of an exceptionally preserved group of early dinosaurs that shows signs of complex herd behavior as early as 193 million years ago ? 40 million years earlier than other records of dinosaur herding.

Since 2013, members of the team have excavated more than 100 dinosaur eggs (about the size of chicken eggs) and the partial skeletons of 80 juvenile and adult dinosaurs from a rich fossil bed in southern Patagonia.

Using X-ray imaging, they were able to examine the eggs? contents without breaking them apart, and discovered preserved embryos within, which they used to confirm that the fossils were all members of Mussaurus patagonicus ? a plant-eating dinosaur that lived in the early Jurassic period and is classified as a sauropodomorph, a predecessor of the massive, long-necked sauropods that later roamed the Earth.

Surprisingly, the researchers observed that the fossils were grouped by age: Dinosaur eggs and hatchlings were found in one area, while skeletons of juveniles were grouped in a nearby location. Meanwhile, remains of adult dinosaurs were found alone or in pairs throughout the field site.

This ?age segregation,? the researchers believe, is a strong sign of a complex, herd-like social structure. The dinosaurs likely worked as a community, laying their eggs in a common nesting ground. Juveniles congregated in ?schools,? while adults roamed and foraged for the herd.

?This may mean that the young were not following their parents in a small family structure,? says team member Jahandar Ramezani, a research scientist in MIT?s Department of Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences. ?There?s a larger community structure, where adults shared and took part in raising the whole community.?

Ramezani dated ancient sediments among the fossils and determined that the dinosaur herd dates back to around 193 million years ago, during the early Jurassic period. The team?s results represent the earliest evidence of social herding among dinosaurs.

Living in herds may have given Mussaurus and other social sauropodomorphs an evolutionary advantage. These early dinosaurs originated in the late Triassic, shortly before an extinction event wiped out many other animals. For whatever reason, sauropodomorphs held on and eventually dominated the terrestrial ecosystem in the early Jurassic.

?We?ve now observed and documented this earliest social behavior in dinosaurs,? Ramezani says. ?This raises the question now of whether living in a herd may have had a major role in dinosaurs? early evolutionary success. This gives us some clues to how dinosaurs evolved.?

A fossil flood

Since 2013, paleontologists on the team have worked in the Laguna Colorada Formation, a site in southern Patagonia that is known for bearing fossils of early sauropodomorphs. When scientists first discovered fossils within this formation in the 1970s, they named them Mussaurus for ?mouse lizard,? as they assumed the skeletons were of miniature dinosaurs.

Only much later did scientists, including members of the Argentinian team, discover bigger skeletons, indicating Mussaurus adults were much larger than their rodent namesakes. The name stuck, however, and the team has continued to unearth a rich collection of Mussaurus fossils from a small, square kilometer of the formation.

The fossils they have identified so far were found in three sedimentary layers spaced close together, indicating that the region may have been a common breeding ground where the dinosaurs returned regularly, perhaps to take advantage of favorable seasonal conditions.

Among the fossils they uncovered, the team discovered a group of 11 articulated juvenile skeletons, intertwined and overlapping each other, as if they had been suddenly thrown together. In fact, judging from the remarkably preserved nature of the entire collection, the team believes this particular herd of Mussaurus died ?synchronously,? perhaps quickly buried by sediments.

Based on evidence of ancient flora in the nearby outcrops, the Laguna Colorada Formation has long been assumed to be relatively old on the dinosaur timescale. The team wondered: Could these dinosaurs have been herding from early on?

?People already knew that in the late Jurassic and Cretaceous, the large herbivore dinosaurs exhibited social behavior ? they lived in herds and had nesting spots,? Ramezani says. ?But the question has always been, when was the earliest time for such herding behavior??

A gregarious line

To find out, Diego Pol, a paleontologist at the Egidio Feruglio Paleontological Museum in Argentina who led the study, looked for samples of volcanic ash among the fossils to send to Ramezani?s lab at MIT. Volcanic ash can contain zircon ? mineral grains contaning uranium and lead, the isotopic ratios of which Ramezani can precisely measure. Based on uranium?s half-life, or the time it takes for half of the element to decay into lead, he can calculate the age of the zircon and the ash in which it was found. Ramezani successfully identified zircons in two ash samples, all of which he dated to around 193 million years old.

Since the volcanic ash was found in the same sediment layers as the fossils, Ramezani?s analyses strongly suggest that the dinosaurs were buried at the same time the ash was deposited. A likely scenario may have involved a flash flood or windblown dust that buried the herd, while ash from a distant eruption happened to drift over and, luckily for science, deposit zircons in the sediments.

Taken together, the team?s results show that Mussaurus and possibly other dinosaurs evolved to live in complex social herds as early as 193 million years ago, around the dawn of the Jurassic period.

Scientists suspect that two other types of early dinosaurs ? Massospondylus from South Africa and Lufengosaurus from China ? also lived in herds around the same time, although the dating for these dinosaurs has been less precise. If multiple separate lines of dinosaurs lived in herds, the researchers believe the social behavior may have evolved earlier, perhaps as far back as their common ancestor, in the late Triassic.

?Now we know herding was going on 193 million years ago,? Ramezani says. ?This is the earliest confirmed evidence of gregarious behavior in dinosaurs. But paleontological understanding says, if you find social behavior in this type of dinosaur at this time, it must have originated earlier.?

This research was supported, in part, by National Science Foundation in the U.S. and the National Scientific and Technical Research Council of Argentina.

Early dinosaurs may have lived in social herds as early as 193 million years ago

) [summary] => Journal Reference: Pol, D., Mancuso, A.C., Smith, R.M.H. et al. Earliest evidence of herd-living and age segregation amongst dinosaurs. Sci Rep, 2021 DOI: 10.1038/s41598-021-99176-1 In a paper appearing in Scientific Reports, researchers from MIT, Argentina, and South Africa detail their discovery of an exceptionally preserved group of early dinosaurs that shows signs of complex herd ... Read more [atom_content] =>

Journal Reference:

  1. Pol, D., Mancuso, A.C., Smith, R.M.H. et al. Earliest evidence of herd-living and age segregation amongst dinosaurs. Sci Rep, 2021 DOI: 10.1038/s41598-021-99176-1

In a paper appearing in Scientific Reports, researchers from MIT, Argentina, and South Africa detail their discovery of an exceptionally preserved group of early dinosaurs that shows signs of complex herd behavior as early as 193 million years ago ? 40 million years earlier than other records of dinosaur herding.

Since 2013, members of the team have excavated more than 100 dinosaur eggs (about the size of chicken eggs) and the partial skeletons of 80 juvenile and adult dinosaurs from a rich fossil bed in southern Patagonia.

Using X-ray imaging, they were able to examine the eggs? contents without breaking them apart, and discovered preserved embryos within, which they used to confirm that the fossils were all members of Mussaurus patagonicus ? a plant-eating dinosaur that lived in the early Jurassic period and is classified as a sauropodomorph, a predecessor of the massive, long-necked sauropods that later roamed the Earth.

Surprisingly, the researchers observed that the fossils were grouped by age: Dinosaur eggs and hatchlings were found in one area, while skeletons of juveniles were grouped in a nearby location. Meanwhile, remains of adult dinosaurs were found alone or in pairs throughout the field site.

This ?age segregation,? the researchers believe, is a strong sign of a complex, herd-like social structure. The dinosaurs likely worked as a community, laying their eggs in a common nesting ground. Juveniles congregated in ?schools,? while adults roamed and foraged for the herd.

?This may mean that the young were not following their parents in a small family structure,? says team member Jahandar Ramezani, a research scientist in MIT?s Department of Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences. ?There?s a larger community structure, where adults shared and took part in raising the whole community.?

Ramezani dated ancient sediments among the fossils and determined that the dinosaur herd dates back to around 193 million years ago, during the early Jurassic period. The team?s results represent the earliest evidence of social herding among dinosaurs.

Living in herds may have given Mussaurus and other social sauropodomorphs an evolutionary advantage. These early dinosaurs originated in the late Triassic, shortly before an extinction event wiped out many other animals. For whatever reason, sauropodomorphs held on and eventually dominated the terrestrial ecosystem in the early Jurassic.

?We?ve now observed and documented this earliest social behavior in dinosaurs,? Ramezani says. ?This raises the question now of whether living in a herd may have had a major role in dinosaurs? early evolutionary success. This gives us some clues to how dinosaurs evolved.?

A fossil flood

Since 2013, paleontologists on the team have worked in the Laguna Colorada Formation, a site in southern Patagonia that is known for bearing fossils of early sauropodomorphs. When scientists first discovered fossils within this formation in the 1970s, they named them Mussaurus for ?mouse lizard,? as they assumed the skeletons were of miniature dinosaurs.

Only much later did scientists, including members of the Argentinian team, discover bigger skeletons, indicating Mussaurus adults were much larger than their rodent namesakes. The name stuck, however, and the team has continued to unearth a rich collection of Mussaurus fossils from a small, square kilometer of the formation.

The fossils they have identified so far were found in three sedimentary layers spaced close together, indicating that the region may have been a common breeding ground where the dinosaurs returned regularly, perhaps to take advantage of favorable seasonal conditions.

Among the fossils they uncovered, the team discovered a group of 11 articulated juvenile skeletons, intertwined and overlapping each other, as if they had been suddenly thrown together. In fact, judging from the remarkably preserved nature of the entire collection, the team believes this particular herd of Mussaurus died ?synchronously,? perhaps quickly buried by sediments.

Based on evidence of ancient flora in the nearby outcrops, the Laguna Colorada Formation has long been assumed to be relatively old on the dinosaur timescale. The team wondered: Could these dinosaurs have been herding from early on?

?People already knew that in the late Jurassic and Cretaceous, the large herbivore dinosaurs exhibited social behavior ? they lived in herds and had nesting spots,? Ramezani says. ?But the question has always been, when was the earliest time for such herding behavior??

A gregarious line

To find out, Diego Pol, a paleontologist at the Egidio Feruglio Paleontological Museum in Argentina who led the study, looked for samples of volcanic ash among the fossils to send to Ramezani?s lab at MIT. Volcanic ash can contain zircon ? mineral grains contaning uranium and lead, the isotopic ratios of which Ramezani can precisely measure. Based on uranium?s half-life, or the time it takes for half of the element to decay into lead, he can calculate the age of the zircon and the ash in which it was found. Ramezani successfully identified zircons in two ash samples, all of which he dated to around 193 million years old.

Since the volcanic ash was found in the same sediment layers as the fossils, Ramezani?s analyses strongly suggest that the dinosaurs were buried at the same time the ash was deposited. A likely scenario may have involved a flash flood or windblown dust that buried the herd, while ash from a distant eruption happened to drift over and, luckily for science, deposit zircons in the sediments.

Taken together, the team?s results show that Mussaurus and possibly other dinosaurs evolved to live in complex social herds as early as 193 million years ago, around the dawn of the Jurassic period.

Scientists suspect that two other types of early dinosaurs ? Massospondylus from South Africa and Lufengosaurus from China ? also lived in herds around the same time, although the dating for these dinosaurs has been less precise. If multiple separate lines of dinosaurs lived in herds, the researchers believe the social behavior may have evolved earlier, perhaps as far back as their common ancestor, in the late Triassic.

?Now we know herding was going on 193 million years ago,? Ramezani says. ?This is the earliest confirmed evidence of gregarious behavior in dinosaurs. But paleontological understanding says, if you find social behavior in this type of dinosaur at this time, it must have originated earlier.?

This research was supported, in part, by National Science Foundation in the U.S. and the National Scientific and Technical Research Council of Argentina.

Early dinosaurs may have lived in social herds as early as 193 million years ago

[date_timestamp] => 1634872813 ) [4] => Array ( [title] => Gaby Spanic On Alicia Machado: ?She Was Never My Friend? [link] => https://bbc-edition.com/gaby-spanic-on-alicia-machado-she-was-never-my-friend/ [dc] => Array ( [creator] => Pauline Potteer ) [pubdate] => Fri, 22 Oct 2021 03:19:11 +0000 [category] => EntertainmentAliciafriendGabyMachadoSpanic [guid] => https://bbc-edition.com/gaby-spanic-on-alicia-machado-she-was-never-my-friend/ [description] => Smiling and visibly happy to be reunited with some of her teammates The home of the famous from Telemundo. In this way appeared Gaby Spanic on the stage of the television show after becoming the eighth eliminated from the competition last Monday. The Venezuelan actress arrived escorted by the co-presenter Jimena gallego, who took her ... Read more [content] => Array ( [encoded] =>

Smiling and visibly happy to be reunited with some of her teammates The home of the famous from Telemundo. In this way appeared Gaby Spanic on the stage of the television show after becoming the eighth eliminated from the competition last Monday.

The Venezuelan actress arrived escorted by the co-presenter Jimena gallego, who took her to Héctor Sandarti. Without preambles or detours, the animators gave the floor to the interpreter to announce the first and so far only comments about her experience at the residence.. They also gave him space to tell what had happened to Alicia Machado, a resident with whom he starred in some moments of tension.

?Are you talking about Alicia (Machado)?? Gállego questioned. The eternal soap opera villain did not deny it and pointed out that Miss Universe 1996 is damaging her image before the public with her behavior and way of expressing herself. She also revealed that she knew the outcome of her confrontation with Verónica Montes in the ?Elimination Room? because she had requested it herself.

«I feel that Gaby Spanic came to do at home what she had to do and what she did she did well. I never swore, I never referred to anyone in a grotesque, impolite way, I never conspired. I never felt like no one was my rival or anything. I did not have the head to speculate evil towards anyone or to remove anyone from the path. I played in a loyal way, I played in a transparent, honest way, I spoiled them, I cooked them ? », the singer also explained.

To his surprise, on Monday, since he opened the door to The home of the famous To meet with his family and supporters, Spanic said he felt warmth from the competition?s production and from the people. Likewise, the 47-year-old artist recounted all the negative things she experienced during her stay at the residence. The whole plan against him, as he stated, was orchestrated by Machado.

«There are people who unfortunately need an adrenaline rush to shine, which is to annoy others, speak ill of others, make a conspiracy ? That adrenaline to make them feel alive and that they are present. There are people, unfortunate, who are like this. The truth is that I suffered there bullying, there I suffered harassment, there I suffered bad words. I think I was, I think not, I was a lady. I never fell for provocations from that person who really lacks education, ?he stressed.

The author of the book My life between recipes He took the opportunity to name some of his achievements throughout his career on the screen. Everything achieved helped her request that they vote against her to abandon the competition that will award $ 200 thousand to the winner.

«My love, they call me ?the queen of soap operas? not ?the queen of conflicts? and that is why I left that program, because I am the queen of soap operas and yes, I have a beautiful career, worthy of admiration , many successes and I do not hang on anyone?s fame to create conflicts and make myself noticed. I have made myself noticed with my work, with my discipline, with my talent that Diosito gives us all, a particular talent for each one, he blessed me with beautiful fans all over the world, a statuette in Indonesia, recognized in many places of the world for my soap operas, a successful woman, who started on television at the age of 14 and who has to her credit more than 5 thousand chapters recorded on television », He said in his speech that he started the applause of the public present, who in turn chanted the name of the actress.

In the interview with Sandarti and Gállego, the Venezuelan recognized that one of the things that bothered her the most about Machado in the competition was that he spoke ill of her son Gabriel. Along these lines, Spanic said that she knows many things about her rival, but that she will not say them precisely because she is a mother. As if that were not enough, the protagonist of the usurper He added that his physical and mental integrity threatened.

The above, for Gabriela Helena ?pani? Utrera, the artist?s real name, was evidenced by the multiple occasions that Machado wanted to hit the contestant Celia Lora. That attitude, the multi-winner described it as ?unrecognizable?, for the years she has known the former beauty queen.

«I also said in a conversation (to Machado) ?you are telling everyone that we are the best friends in the world and that is not true. You were not with me in a hospital bed, you were not with me in embarrassing and difficult life situations. You didn?t know if my son and I were eating or not, and I wasn?t with you either. ? In other words, a friendship is to be through thick and thin. We saw each other sporadically. She was never my friend, thank God because 24/7 with that woman I think no one can, ?he said with a laugh.

Before speaking about her affinity with Mexican actor Uriel Del Toro, Spanic, who never envisioned himself as a winner of The home of the famous, gave details about the production of the reality.

«Obviously we all wanted to win. Everything they have said there has been a lot of lies. But I did want to win, why not, but there came a time when I saw so much plot, so much whispering, so many lies, so many disloyal things, so many rudeness. Sometimes I am fallen from the bush, clueless, to realize something it has to be very obvious. Everything was very obvious, so I did want to leave, I wanted to leave in time so as not to fall into provocations, in situations, in such low content, that I told the production ?I want to leave because if for you content is to be conflictive, being dishonest, being unfair, swearing, being rude, disrespecting colleagues, I am not going to give that content. I am not going to give them to you and I prefer to leave, ?said the inhabitant who became known for constantly repeating the phrases? Total ?and? Oh, please. ?

The actress?s expressions were not well received by her friend and compadre, the actor Jorge Aravena, who was also one of the famous reality. Aravena described the situation between Machado and Spanic as ?a rivalry between women? and assured that she will speak with Gaby in private to tell her about certain attitudes that were not to her liking during the coexistence.

«I did not know how to play that game. She does have that ability. Everything he has said and thought about me has been lies. I say that people who judge that way, I say that it is the law of the mirror. As you judge, so you feel inside, ?he added.

Independent journalism needs the support of its readers to continue and ensure that the uncomfortable news that they do not want you to read remains at your fingertips. Today, with your support, we will continue to work hard for censorship-free journalism!

) [summary] => Smiling and visibly happy to be reunited with some of her teammates The home of the famous from Telemundo. In this way appeared Gaby Spanic on the stage of the television show after becoming the eighth eliminated from the competition last Monday. The Venezuelan actress arrived escorted by the co-presenter Jimena gallego, who took her ... Read more [atom_content] =>

Smiling and visibly happy to be reunited with some of her teammates The home of the famous from Telemundo. In this way appeared Gaby Spanic on the stage of the television show after becoming the eighth eliminated from the competition last Monday.

The Venezuelan actress arrived escorted by the co-presenter Jimena gallego, who took her to Héctor Sandarti. Without preambles or detours, the animators gave the floor to the interpreter to announce the first and so far only comments about her experience at the residence.. They also gave him space to tell what had happened to Alicia Machado, a resident with whom he starred in some moments of tension.

?Are you talking about Alicia (Machado)?? Gállego questioned. The eternal soap opera villain did not deny it and pointed out that Miss Universe 1996 is damaging her image before the public with her behavior and way of expressing herself. She also revealed that she knew the outcome of her confrontation with Verónica Montes in the ?Elimination Room? because she had requested it herself.

«I feel that Gaby Spanic came to do at home what she had to do and what she did she did well. I never swore, I never referred to anyone in a grotesque, impolite way, I never conspired. I never felt like no one was my rival or anything. I did not have the head to speculate evil towards anyone or to remove anyone from the path. I played in a loyal way, I played in a transparent, honest way, I spoiled them, I cooked them ? », the singer also explained.

To his surprise, on Monday, since he opened the door to The home of the famous To meet with his family and supporters, Spanic said he felt warmth from the competition?s production and from the people. Likewise, the 47-year-old artist recounted all the negative things she experienced during her stay at the residence. The whole plan against him, as he stated, was orchestrated by Machado.

«There are people who unfortunately need an adrenaline rush to shine, which is to annoy others, speak ill of others, make a conspiracy ? That adrenaline to make them feel alive and that they are present. There are people, unfortunate, who are like this. The truth is that I suffered there bullying, there I suffered harassment, there I suffered bad words. I think I was, I think not, I was a lady. I never fell for provocations from that person who really lacks education, ?he stressed.

The author of the book My life between recipes He took the opportunity to name some of his achievements throughout his career on the screen. Everything achieved helped her request that they vote against her to abandon the competition that will award $ 200 thousand to the winner.

«My love, they call me ?the queen of soap operas? not ?the queen of conflicts? and that is why I left that program, because I am the queen of soap operas and yes, I have a beautiful career, worthy of admiration , many successes and I do not hang on anyone?s fame to create conflicts and make myself noticed. I have made myself noticed with my work, with my discipline, with my talent that Diosito gives us all, a particular talent for each one, he blessed me with beautiful fans all over the world, a statuette in Indonesia, recognized in many places of the world for my soap operas, a successful woman, who started on television at the age of 14 and who has to her credit more than 5 thousand chapters recorded on television », He said in his speech that he started the applause of the public present, who in turn chanted the name of the actress.

In the interview with Sandarti and Gállego, the Venezuelan recognized that one of the things that bothered her the most about Machado in the competition was that he spoke ill of her son Gabriel. Along these lines, Spanic said that she knows many things about her rival, but that she will not say them precisely because she is a mother. As if that were not enough, the protagonist of the usurper He added that his physical and mental integrity threatened.

The above, for Gabriela Helena ?pani? Utrera, the artist?s real name, was evidenced by the multiple occasions that Machado wanted to hit the contestant Celia Lora. That attitude, the multi-winner described it as ?unrecognizable?, for the years she has known the former beauty queen.

«I also said in a conversation (to Machado) ?you are telling everyone that we are the best friends in the world and that is not true. You were not with me in a hospital bed, you were not with me in embarrassing and difficult life situations. You didn?t know if my son and I were eating or not, and I wasn?t with you either. ? In other words, a friendship is to be through thick and thin. We saw each other sporadically. She was never my friend, thank God because 24/7 with that woman I think no one can, ?he said with a laugh.

Before speaking about her affinity with Mexican actor Uriel Del Toro, Spanic, who never envisioned himself as a winner of The home of the famous, gave details about the production of the reality.

«Obviously we all wanted to win. Everything they have said there has been a lot of lies. But I did want to win, why not, but there came a time when I saw so much plot, so much whispering, so many lies, so many disloyal things, so many rudeness. Sometimes I am fallen from the bush, clueless, to realize something it has to be very obvious. Everything was very obvious, so I did want to leave, I wanted to leave in time so as not to fall into provocations, in situations, in such low content, that I told the production ?I want to leave because if for you content is to be conflictive, being dishonest, being unfair, swearing, being rude, disrespecting colleagues, I am not going to give that content. I am not going to give them to you and I prefer to leave, ?said the inhabitant who became known for constantly repeating the phrases? Total ?and? Oh, please. ?

The actress?s expressions were not well received by her friend and compadre, the actor Jorge Aravena, who was also one of the famous reality. Aravena described the situation between Machado and Spanic as ?a rivalry between women? and assured that she will speak with Gaby in private to tell her about certain attitudes that were not to her liking during the coexistence.

«I did not know how to play that game. She does have that ability. Everything he has said and thought about me has been lies. I say that people who judge that way, I say that it is the law of the mirror. As you judge, so you feel inside, ?he added.

Independent journalism needs the support of its readers to continue and ensure that the uncomfortable news that they do not want you to read remains at your fingertips. Today, with your support, we will continue to work hard for censorship-free journalism!

[date_timestamp] => 1634872751 ) [5] => Array ( [title] => the prosecution?s charge against Karim Benzema, ?accomplice of negotiators and blackmailers? [link] => https://bbc-edition.com/the-prosecutions-charge-against-karim-benzema-accomplice-of-negotiators-and-blackmailers/ [dc] => Array ( [creator] => Harry Rivers ) [pubdate] => Fri, 22 Oct 2021 03:17:56 +0000 [category] => InternationalaccompliceBenzemablackmailerschargeKarimnegotiatorsprosecutions [guid] => https://bbc-edition.com/the-prosecutions-charge-against-karim-benzema-accomplice-of-negotiators-and-blackmailers/ [description] => Antoine Vey and Sylvain Cormier, Karim Benzema’s lawyers, leaving the Versailles court on October 20, 2021. THOMAS SAMSON / AFP The only defendant absent during the trial of the sextape blackmail case exercised in 2015 on his ex-teammate in the France team, Mathieu Valbuena, the star striker of the Blues Karim Benzema must have gotten ... Read more [content] => Array ( [encoded] =>

The only defendant absent during the trial of the sextape blackmail case exercised in 2015 on his ex-teammate in the France team, Mathieu Valbuena, the star striker of the Blues Karim Benzema must have gotten wind, from Spain, where he prepares the next match of his club Real Madrid, the content of the requisitions of the public prosecutor against him.

“Benzema is the bearer of moral values, of hope for people, of notoriety and of an image”, proclaimed the prosecutor, Julien Eyraud, before requesting, Thursday, October 21, at the Criminal Court of Versailles, a ten-month suspended prison sentence and a 75,000 euros fine against the footballer, prosecuted for “complicity in an attempt to blackmail. “

After six years of proceedings, Karim Benzema is suspected of having tried, on October 6, 2015, at the headquarters of the Blues in Clairefontaine (Yvelines), to convince Mathieu Valbuena to meet his childhood friend, Karim Zenati. The latter then played the role of intermediary for two alleged blackmailers, Axel Angot and Mustapha Zouaoui, who wanted to obtain a financial reward in exchange for the destruction of a video of a sexual nature featuring Mr. Valbuena on which the tandem had put my hand.

Update on the case: Article reserved for our subscribers The case of the “sextape” and Karim Benzema before the court of Versailles

« Benzema is not the Good Samaritan who came to the aid of his teammate, he is an accomplice and acted to allow the negotiators to achieve their ends and the blackmailers to obtain the sum they expected ?, declared Ségolène Marès, representative of the prosecution. According to her, it was after having unsuccessfully asked the former Blues striker Djibril Cissé and another intermediary, Younes Houass, to convince Mr. Valbuena to “ payer », That Mr. Zouaoui turned to Karim Zenati.

« Benzema’s intervention constitutes additional pressure. He joined the project, the strategy was prepared and the method was softer but also more insidious ?, develops Ms. Marès while pointing out “ authority in the French team From the attacker. « Mr. Benzema will make Valbuena believe that he saw the video, will swear on his daughter’s head that there is no copy, he credited the blackmailers by saying that the intermediaries were serious. “

Audience story: Article reserved for our subscribers Mathieu Valbuena at the trial of the “sextape” case: “I have the impression that Karim Benzema wanted to scare me”

On the bench of the civil parties, the lawyer of Mr. Valbuena, Me Paul-Albert Iweins, denounced ” betrayal of a teammate ” and the “ sordid maneuvers Which would, according to him, put an end in November 2015 to the career of his client in the France team.

“I do not believe in the thesis served by the kind Benzema”

You have 52.25% of this article to read. The rest is for subscribers only.

) [summary] => Antoine Vey and Sylvain Cormier, Karim Benzema’s lawyers, leaving the Versailles court on October 20, 2021. THOMAS SAMSON / AFP The only defendant absent during the trial of the sextape blackmail case exercised in 2015 on his ex-teammate in the France team, Mathieu Valbuena, the star striker of the Blues Karim Benzema must have gotten ... Read more [atom_content] =>

The only defendant absent during the trial of the sextape blackmail case exercised in 2015 on his ex-teammate in the France team, Mathieu Valbuena, the star striker of the Blues Karim Benzema must have gotten wind, from Spain, where he prepares the next match of his club Real Madrid, the content of the requisitions of the public prosecutor against him.

“Benzema is the bearer of moral values, of hope for people, of notoriety and of an image”, proclaimed the prosecutor, Julien Eyraud, before requesting, Thursday, October 21, at the Criminal Court of Versailles, a ten-month suspended prison sentence and a 75,000 euros fine against the footballer, prosecuted for “complicity in an attempt to blackmail. “

After six years of proceedings, Karim Benzema is suspected of having tried, on October 6, 2015, at the headquarters of the Blues in Clairefontaine (Yvelines), to convince Mathieu Valbuena to meet his childhood friend, Karim Zenati. The latter then played the role of intermediary for two alleged blackmailers, Axel Angot and Mustapha Zouaoui, who wanted to obtain a financial reward in exchange for the destruction of a video of a sexual nature featuring Mr. Valbuena on which the tandem had put my hand.

Update on the case: Article reserved for our subscribers The case of the “sextape” and Karim Benzema before the court of Versailles

« Benzema is not the Good Samaritan who came to the aid of his teammate, he is an accomplice and acted to allow the negotiators to achieve their ends and the blackmailers to obtain the sum they expected ?, declared Ségolène Marès, representative of the prosecution. According to her, it was after having unsuccessfully asked the former Blues striker Djibril Cissé and another intermediary, Younes Houass, to convince Mr. Valbuena to “ payer », That Mr. Zouaoui turned to Karim Zenati.

« Benzema’s intervention constitutes additional pressure. He joined the project, the strategy was prepared and the method was softer but also more insidious ?, develops Ms. Marès while pointing out “ authority in the French team From the attacker. « Mr. Benzema will make Valbuena believe that he saw the video, will swear on his daughter’s head that there is no copy, he credited the blackmailers by saying that the intermediaries were serious. “

Audience story: Article reserved for our subscribers Mathieu Valbuena at the trial of the “sextape” case: “I have the impression that Karim Benzema wanted to scare me”

On the bench of the civil parties, the lawyer of Mr. Valbuena, Me Paul-Albert Iweins, denounced ” betrayal of a teammate ” and the “ sordid maneuvers Which would, according to him, put an end in November 2015 to the career of his client in the France team.

“I do not believe in the thesis served by the kind Benzema”

You have 52.25% of this article to read. The rest is for subscribers only.

[date_timestamp] => 1634872676 ) [6] => Array ( [title] => Back pain common among astronauts offers trea [link] => https://bbc-edition.com/back-pain-common-among-astronauts-offers-trea/ [dc] => Array ( [creator] => Susan Hall ) [pubdate] => Fri, 22 Oct 2021 03:09:00 +0000 [category] => SpaceamongAstronautscommonOfferspainTrea [guid] => https://bbc-edition.com/back-pain-common-among-astronauts-offers-trea/ [description] => image: Spinal column on Earth and in space. view more Credit: Johns Hopkins Medicine ? As more people travel into space, Johns Hopkins Medicine experts expect more physicians will see patients with space travel-related pain. ? Although most back pain in space disappears on its own, space travelers are at higher risk for sciatica ? a ... Read more [content] => Array ( [encoded] =>

image: Spinal column on Earth and in space.
view more

Credit: Johns Hopkins Medicine

? As more people travel into space, Johns Hopkins Medicine experts expect more physicians will see patients with space travel-related pain.

? Although most back pain in space disappears on its own, space travelers are at higher risk for sciatica ? a form of back pain that can radiate down the legs.

? Humans can ?grow? up to 3 inches in space as the spine adapts to microgravity.

? Stress, trauma and changes in nutrition likely contribute to back pain developed during space travel.

With growing numbers of humans venturing into space, experts predict an increase in the number of people experiencing the physical toll of such travel, including highly common forms of back pain.

The prediction comes in a new report by researchers at Johns Hopkins Medicine, published in the September issue of Anesthesiology, based on a comprehensive review of past studies measuring the effects of space travel on the spine, and exploring methods to prevent, diagnose, and treat back pain. The scientists say further study among astronauts of these methods ? including specialized suits and certain exercises ? may provide insights for treating back pain in the estimated 80% of Earth-bound people who experience some form of it over their lifetimes.

Steven Cohen, M.D., professor of anesthesiology and critical care medicine at Johns Hopkins and a retired Army colonel. ?Perhaps more importantly, insight into back pain in space travelers may provide usable information to treat back pain in other populations.?

An Aching Back: A Common Low Gravity-Related Pain

According to the review, past studies of astronauts have shown that 52% of space travelers report some form of back pain in the first two to five days of space travel. That figure is based on a retrospective study of 722 space flights worldwide published in Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance in 2012. The condition is now dubbed ?space adaptation back pain,? and although 86% of cases were mild, the pain was enough to hinder an astronaut?s ability to complete tasks.

In addition to the studies among astronauts, a study from the University of Innsbruck in Austria showed that nearly half of military helicopter pilots and crewmembers who experience fluctuating gravitational forces report low back pain. The pilots are almost three times more likely to develop lumbar (lower back) disc herniation ? an injury to the soft connective cushioning in the spine ? compared with the general population. Astronauts are more than four times as likely to herniate a disc, according to a NASA study in 2010, and the risk was even higher in the first year after returning to Earth.

The Spine Changes in Space

Penchev says the high prevalence of back pain among these groups is understandable because the human spine is built to support our bodies under the gravitational forces experienced on Earth. One prominent feature is the spinal curvature ? an S-shaped bend in the spine that allows it to resist gravity, remain flexible and absorb weight and impact. However, in microgravity, this curve is reduced. Some of the earliest data from space explorations, say the researchers, showed astronauts ?grew? over 3 inches in space due to the loss of this curve. More recent studies using MRI scans showed modern-day astronauts have a reduced curve in their spine.

?If reduced gravity allows this curvature to straighten,? says Radostin Penchev, M.D., resident physician at The Johns Hopkins Hospital, ?this not only could be a cause of acute pain in astronauts, but also could affect the stability of their spine when they return to earth.?

Preventing and Treating Astronauts? Back Pain

In their review of past studies, the researchers said that along with microgravity?s stresses, other contributors to back pain in space include the intense physical experience of riding in a rocket and a change in dietary habits that could alter nutritional levels in the body and impact tissue health and healing.

Throughout the Space Age, the researchers say resistance exercises ? such as isometrics, squats, lunges and bench pressing ? have been a mainstay of back pain prevention, and space stations are equipped with exercise machines and other resistance training tools.

?Science fiction has popularized the spinning space station that uses centrifugal force to mimic gravity,? says Penchev. A more realistic and perhaps better alternative, he adds, are specialized suits that provide spinal resistance similar to that experienced under Earth?s gravity.

The experience is similar to donning rubber bands from the shoulders to hips to help activate the muscle groups that keep us standing upright on Earth, say the researchers. The Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance study of 722 space flights showed that the use of such a resistance suit along with exercise regimens relieved space-adaptation back pain in 85% of subjects. However, some astronauts complain these suits are uncomfortable and impair their range of motion.

Other methods to prevent back pain among astronauts mentioned by the researchers include massage, nutritional supplementation to increase vitamin D and caloric intake, neuromuscular electrical stimulation, and negative pressure devices, all paired with resistance exercise.

To combat the intense vibrations and speed of riding rockets into space, Cohen, Penchev and their team believe that engineering space vehicles to improve impact protection for the flight crew and align the forces of acceleration and impact with human anatomy could reduce the number of astronauts experiencing long-term back pain or injury.

Other researchers who authored the review include Richard Scheuring of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Johnson Space Center; Adam Soto of the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences and the Tripler Army Medical Center; Derek Miletich of the Naval Medical Center ? San Diego; and Eric Kerstman of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Johnson Space Center and the University of Texas.

This work was supported by the departments of anesthesiology and physical medicine and rehabilitation at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, and by the U.S. Department of Defense.


Disclaimer: AAAS and EurekAlert! are not responsible for the accuracy of news releases posted to EurekAlert! by contributing institutions or for the use of any information through the EurekAlert system.

) [summary] => image: Spinal column on Earth and in space. view more Credit: Johns Hopkins Medicine ? As more people travel into space, Johns Hopkins Medicine experts expect more physicians will see patients with space travel-related pain. ? Although most back pain in space disappears on its own, space travelers are at higher risk for sciatica ? a ... Read more [atom_content] =>

image: Spinal column on Earth and in space.
view more

Credit: Johns Hopkins Medicine

? As more people travel into space, Johns Hopkins Medicine experts expect more physicians will see patients with space travel-related pain.

? Although most back pain in space disappears on its own, space travelers are at higher risk for sciatica ? a form of back pain that can radiate down the legs.

? Humans can ?grow? up to 3 inches in space as the spine adapts to microgravity.

? Stress, trauma and changes in nutrition likely contribute to back pain developed during space travel.

With growing numbers of humans venturing into space, experts predict an increase in the number of people experiencing the physical toll of such travel, including highly common forms of back pain.

The prediction comes in a new report by researchers at Johns Hopkins Medicine, published in the September issue of Anesthesiology, based on a comprehensive review of past studies measuring the effects of space travel on the spine, and exploring methods to prevent, diagnose, and treat back pain. The scientists say further study among astronauts of these methods ? including specialized suits and certain exercises ? may provide insights for treating back pain in the estimated 80% of Earth-bound people who experience some form of it over their lifetimes.

Steven Cohen, M.D., professor of anesthesiology and critical care medicine at Johns Hopkins and a retired Army colonel. ?Perhaps more importantly, insight into back pain in space travelers may provide usable information to treat back pain in other populations.?

An Aching Back: A Common Low Gravity-Related Pain

According to the review, past studies of astronauts have shown that 52% of space travelers report some form of back pain in the first two to five days of space travel. That figure is based on a retrospective study of 722 space flights worldwide published in Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance in 2012. The condition is now dubbed ?space adaptation back pain,? and although 86% of cases were mild, the pain was enough to hinder an astronaut?s ability to complete tasks.

In addition to the studies among astronauts, a study from the University of Innsbruck in Austria showed that nearly half of military helicopter pilots and crewmembers who experience fluctuating gravitational forces report low back pain. The pilots are almost three times more likely to develop lumbar (lower back) disc herniation ? an injury to the soft connective cushioning in the spine ? compared with the general population. Astronauts are more than four times as likely to herniate a disc, according to a NASA study in 2010, and the risk was even higher in the first year after returning to Earth.

The Spine Changes in Space

Penchev says the high prevalence of back pain among these groups is understandable because the human spine is built to support our bodies under the gravitational forces experienced on Earth. One prominent feature is the spinal curvature ? an S-shaped bend in the spine that allows it to resist gravity, remain flexible and absorb weight and impact. However, in microgravity, this curve is reduced. Some of the earliest data from space explorations, say the researchers, showed astronauts ?grew? over 3 inches in space due to the loss of this curve. More recent studies using MRI scans showed modern-day astronauts have a reduced curve in their spine.

?If reduced gravity allows this curvature to straighten,? says Radostin Penchev, M.D., resident physician at The Johns Hopkins Hospital, ?this not only could be a cause of acute pain in astronauts, but also could affect the stability of their spine when they return to earth.?

Preventing and Treating Astronauts? Back Pain

In their review of past studies, the researchers said that along with microgravity?s stresses, other contributors to back pain in space include the intense physical experience of riding in a rocket and a change in dietary habits that could alter nutritional levels in the body and impact tissue health and healing.

Throughout the Space Age, the researchers say resistance exercises ? such as isometrics, squats, lunges and bench pressing ? have been a mainstay of back pain prevention, and space stations are equipped with exercise machines and other resistance training tools.

?Science fiction has popularized the spinning space station that uses centrifugal force to mimic gravity,? says Penchev. A more realistic and perhaps better alternative, he adds, are specialized suits that provide spinal resistance similar to that experienced under Earth?s gravity.

The experience is similar to donning rubber bands from the shoulders to hips to help activate the muscle groups that keep us standing upright on Earth, say the researchers. The Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance study of 722 space flights showed that the use of such a resistance suit along with exercise regimens relieved space-adaptation back pain in 85% of subjects. However, some astronauts complain these suits are uncomfortable and impair their range of motion.

Other methods to prevent back pain among astronauts mentioned by the researchers include massage, nutritional supplementation to increase vitamin D and caloric intake, neuromuscular electrical stimulation, and negative pressure devices, all paired with resistance exercise.

To combat the intense vibrations and speed of riding rockets into space, Cohen, Penchev and their team believe that engineering space vehicles to improve impact protection for the flight crew and align the forces of acceleration and impact with human anatomy could reduce the number of astronauts experiencing long-term back pain or injury.

Other researchers who authored the review include Richard Scheuring of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Johnson Space Center; Adam Soto of the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences and the Tripler Army Medical Center; Derek Miletich of the Naval Medical Center ? San Diego; and Eric Kerstman of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Johnson Space Center and the University of Texas.

This work was supported by the departments of anesthesiology and physical medicine and rehabilitation at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, and by the U.S. Department of Defense.


Disclaimer: AAAS and EurekAlert! are not responsible for the accuracy of news releases posted to EurekAlert! by contributing institutions or for the use of any information through the EurekAlert system.

[date_timestamp] => 1634872140 ) [7] => Array ( [title] => Happy News, Jessica Iskandar and Vincent Verhaag Married This Afternoon : Okezone Celebrity [link] => https://bbc-edition.com/happy-news-jessica-iskandar-and-vincent-verhaag-married-this-afternoon-okezone-celebrity/ [dc] => Array ( [creator] => Pauline Potteer ) [pubdate] => Fri, 22 Oct 2021 03:03:04 +0000 [category] => EntertainmentafternooncelebrityHappyIskandarJessicamarriednewsOkezoneVerhaagVincent [guid] => https://bbc-edition.com/happy-news-jessica-iskandar-and-vincent-verhaag-married-this-afternoon-okezone-celebrity/ [description] => JAKARTA – Good news comes from artist Jessica Iskandar. Precisely in the afternoon, at around 15.00 WIB, he and his fiancé, Vincent Verhaag will get married. The news was shared directly by El Barack Alexander’s mother on her personal Instagram account. He even had time to include a link so that people can watch the ... Read more [content] => Array ( [encoded] =>

JAKARTA – Good news comes from artist Jessica Iskandar. Precisely in the afternoon, at around 15.00 WIB, he and his fiancé, Vincent Verhaag will get married.

The news was shared directly by El Barack Alexander’s mother on her personal Instagram account. He even had time to include a link so that people can watch the wedding online.

Also Read:

Making out with Vincent Verhaag, Jessica Iskandar’s Sexy Body Makes Salfok

Showing off photos, Jessica Iskandar still keeps the wedding date a secret

“Warm greetings from me and @v.andrianto. On this happy and grateful day, Friday, October 22, 2021, we would like to invite you to virtually witness our wedding ceremony, which will be held at 15.00 WIB,” he wrote on his personal Instagram account. .

Through his upload, the younger brother of Erick Iskandar hopes for prayers and blessings from the community for his marriage. He even hoped that his household with Vincent had a strong foundation.

“Hopefully with your prayers and blessing, we can live and grow together in a household that is strong in faith, God Almighty. Amen. Thank you, Jessica Iskandar and Vincent Verhaag #MrandMrsVerhaag,” he concluded.

The happy news immediately made netizens excited and happy. They were seen busy praying for Jedar and Vincent’s marriage and household to last until grandparents and death separated.

“Follow happiness for jedar and vincent forever,” wrote cahayanur394.

“Happy too. May God’s love be with you. 1x and happy forever GBU,” wrote y_muljati.

“Lord Jesus bless, the Blessing process. May it last until Grandpa and Grandma Amen,” wrote ester_dalame.

) [summary] => JAKARTA – Good news comes from artist Jessica Iskandar. Precisely in the afternoon, at around 15.00 WIB, he and his fiancé, Vincent Verhaag will get married. The news was shared directly by El Barack Alexander’s mother on her personal Instagram account. He even had time to include a link so that people can watch the ... Read more [atom_content] =>

JAKARTA – Good news comes from artist Jessica Iskandar. Precisely in the afternoon, at around 15.00 WIB, he and his fiancé, Vincent Verhaag will get married.

The news was shared directly by El Barack Alexander’s mother on her personal Instagram account. He even had time to include a link so that people can watch the wedding online.

Also Read:

Making out with Vincent Verhaag, Jessica Iskandar’s Sexy Body Makes Salfok

Showing off photos, Jessica Iskandar still keeps the wedding date a secret

“Warm greetings from me and @v.andrianto. On this happy and grateful day, Friday, October 22, 2021, we would like to invite you to virtually witness our wedding ceremony, which will be held at 15.00 WIB,” he wrote on his personal Instagram account. .

Through his upload, the younger brother of Erick Iskandar hopes for prayers and blessings from the community for his marriage. He even hoped that his household with Vincent had a strong foundation.

“Hopefully with your prayers and blessing, we can live and grow together in a household that is strong in faith, God Almighty. Amen. Thank you, Jessica Iskandar and Vincent Verhaag #MrandMrsVerhaag,” he concluded.

The happy news immediately made netizens excited and happy. They were seen busy praying for Jedar and Vincent’s marriage and household to last until grandparents and death separated.

“Follow happiness for jedar and vincent forever,” wrote cahayanur394.

“Happy too. May God’s love be with you. 1x and happy forever GBU,” wrote y_muljati.

“Lord Jesus bless, the Blessing process. May it last until Grandpa and Grandma Amen,” wrote ester_dalame.

[date_timestamp] => 1634871784 ) [8] => Array ( [title] => The Monaco robbery! ? Players? briefing and NOTES (PSV 1-2 ASM) ? Football [link] => https://bbc-edition.com/the-monaco-robbery-players-briefing-and-notes-psv-1-2-asm-football/ [dc] => Array ( [creator] => Harry Rivers ) [pubdate] => Fri, 22 Oct 2021 03:02:05 +0000 [category] => Internationalas monacoASMBordeaux GirondinsbriefingbundesliguaChampions Leaguefc nantesFIFAfootFootballFrench CupifLeagueLeague 1Ligue's cuploscmatchMonaconotesogc niceolPlayerPlayerspremier leagueprognosisPSGPSVRankingrc lensresultsRobberyscoreteamTransferUEFAworld Cup [guid] => https://bbc-edition.com/the-monaco-robbery-players-briefing-and-notes-psv-1-2-asm-football/ [description] => Quite clearly dominated, Monaco managed to dye the PSV (1-2), this Thursday, during the 3rd day of the group stage of the Europa League. A real hold-up of the princely formation which alone takes the reins of group B. Volland was invaluable to Monaco. A hell of a hold-up! On the ropes for nearly an ... Read more [content] => Array ( [encoded] =>

Quite clearly dominated, Monaco managed to dye the PSV (1-2), this Thursday, during the 3rd day of the group stage of the Europa League. A real hold-up of the princely formation which alone takes the reins of group B.

Volland was invaluable to Monaco.

A hell of a hold-up! On the ropes for nearly an hour, Monaco managed to beat PSV (1-2) on Thursday as part of the 3rd day of the group stage of the Europa League.

A score that does not necessarily reflect the physiognomy of the match as the princely formation suffered in the second period. But she never broke up and ended up winning to leave the Netherlands with the three points and the head of Group B halfway through.

Boadu finally scores!

In a warm Eindhoven atmosphere, the game started off at a high pace. Despite the Dutch pressure, Monaco was more dangerous with in particular a strike from Jean Lucas stopped by Drommel. Domination quickly rewarded with the first goal under his new colors from Boadu, who took advantage of a superb serve from Caio Henrique to slip the ball between the legs of the opposing goalkeeper (0-1, 19th).

Stung, the PSV passed the second. Pushed by a very noisy public, the Batavians were more aggressive in the duels and sharp against, the image of an attempt saved in extremis by Disasi. Over the minutes, the match felt more and more suffering and Monaco, although dominated, could have dyed the Philips Stadion if Boadu had not lacked lucidity, alone against, when adjusting his shot shortly before. the break.

Diop dyes the Philips Stadion

Coming back from the locker room, the Eindhoven club were pushing very hard. But Vinicius, twice, and Gakpo, came up against Maripan and Nbel each time, very vigilant in front of their goal. By dint of suffering, the punishment fell for the ASM. On a loss of ball from Disasi, Gakpo relied on Vinicius before deceiving the German goalkeeper with a heavy strike low to the ground 20 meters (1-1, 59th). A well-deserved equalization for vacant premises.

Aware that his troops were no longer responding, Niko Kovac brought new blood with many changes and a tactical modification to curb the enemy’s momentum. A plan that bore fruit since the PSV was therefore less dangerous, paying its standards for more than an hour. Better yet, Diop, served by Caio Henrique, delivered his own by deceiving Drommel with a furious tackle late in the game (1-2, 89th). The Monaco robbery!

The score of the match: 7/10

A real European Cup match in a very hot venue! Quickly ahead, Monaco can be happy to have left the Philips Stadion with such a victory as it was so complicated during the last hour. The PSV quite clearly dominated the debates by offering an exciting performance with a Gakpo which made a strong impression. Overall a nice meeting to follow, with a happy ending!

The goals :

– On the left side, Caio Henrique addresses a sharp cross in Boadu’s race. The Dutch striker passes in front of Obispo to slip the ball between the legs of Drommel (0-1, 19th).

– Max takes a ball from Disasi’s feet. Gakpo seizes it and goes up the camp of Monaco. The Dutch striker relies on Vinicius, who involuntarily hands him over. The young Batavian follows and unleashes a heavy strike low to the ground 20 meters to deceive Nbel (1-1, 59th).

– At the entrance to the area, Volland tears off and shifts Caio Henrique to his left. Not attacked, the Brazilian left side delivers a caviar for Diop, who throws himself to deceive Drommel with a furious tackle (1-2, 89th).

Player NOTES

Maxifoot has awarded a score (out of 10) comments on each player.

Man of the match: Caio Henrique (8/10)

An excellent match for the Brazilian left side. In his usual style, he crashed a lot in his lane, bringing Boadu’s opening score with a magnificent opening in the depth. Less visible after the break and forced to defend lower, he offers new Diop caviar for the winning goal!

PSV EINDHOVEN :

Jol Drommel (5): the PSV goalkeeper can ruminate. He was decisive in two hot situations against Jean Lucas and Volland in the first half but was too easily overwhelmed by Boadu’s goal. On this Diop, he is let down by his defense, disorganized.

Philipp Mwene (5): the right lateral experienced a complicated first period, being too often had by Caio Henrique. He tightened the bolts after returning from the locker room to control the Brazilian left side … until the 89th minute, fatal for PSV.

Andr Ramalho (5): average. The Brazilian did not breathe serenity and struggled to align with Obispo. He lacked lucidity on several sequences.

Armando Obispo (6): the Dutch defender started the game badly by being fooled quite stupidly by Boadu on the opening score of the ASM. However, he recovered very well with several duels won against his compatriot throughout the match.

Philipp Max (6): the player passed through Augsburg was more than correct. In addition to having worked a lot on Aguilar, he is the origin of the goal of the PSV with a high recovery on Disasi. He didn’t blush from his match.

Marco Van Ginkel (6.5): the captain of PSV answered now. His ball tricks hurt the Mongasques, who were not always able to slow him down. He distributed the game rather well.

Mario Gtze (4): disappointing. The only scorer in the 2014 World Cup final was absent from the discussions, suffering from the physical power of his opponents. He did not weigh in this game.

Olivier Boscagli (4): medium. The former Niois weighed too little, hiding too often in this match. He did too little to push his opponents to their limits.

Chukwunonso Madueke (5): stirring, nothing more. He was generally awkward on his piercings. He comes out hurt and frustrated. Replace the 56th minute with Yorbe Vertessen (non not).

Vincius (6): the former ASM scorer was in sight. He provoked a lot, stumbling twice on Nbel after returning from the locker room. He is the decisive passer on Gakpo’s goal. Replace the 87th minute with Eran Zahavi (non not).

Cody Maths Gakpo (7.5): Considered one of the greatest hopes of Dutch football, the young striker has hurt ASM badly. Still forward, he crashed heavily to corner his opponents. The Oranje passes the second after the break in equalizer on a goal which he himself created. He comes out touching the ankle. Replace the 64th minute with Bruma (non not).

MONACO :

Alexander Nbel (6): a bizarre copy made by the German goalkeeper. He was as reassuring on his line, with some important saves on shots from Vinicius and Gakpo, as he was frustrating on his openings at the foot. In the end, an overall convincing match. ASM fans take it!

Guillermo Maripn (6): the Chilean has nothing to be wrong about this match. He made the necessary interventions, including the one in front of Gakpo after returning from the locker room, to repel PSV. He donated his body on some very hot sequences.

Axel Disasi (5): the central defender, captain of the evening, was strong for an hour. His intervention on an almost decisive pass by Van Ginkel in the first period saved his team from a very likely Dutch equalizer. However, it was he who lost the fatal ball leading to Gakpo’s goal. An action that spoils his game. Replace 74th minute with Gelson Martins (non not).

B. Badiashile (5): an average encounter for Mongascian rock. Poison on the offensive stops early in the game, he had a little more trouble in the duels with Vinicius and Gakpo, who made use of their speed to hurt him. He suffered on the whole.

Ruben Aguilar (7): a match that will give confidence to the right side. In a role of piston, he was comfortable and especially provided very great efforts in his hallway. Not everything was perfect offensively, but his generosity and constant focus discouraged his opponents in his zone. Very courageous.

Aurlien Tchouamni (6.5): a good match for the French international. The former Bordelais responded with authority in the rough duels engaged by the Dutch. Even if he was a little more in difficulty after the break, he never gave up to pick up the thread in the last quarter of an hour.

Youssouf Fofana (5.5): the former Strasbourg player was interesting in his ability to erase the game with openings often felt in the first period. On the other hand, he suffered a lot in the less good period of Monaco. Replace the 70th minute with Eliot Matazo (non not).

Jean Lucas (4): good will, the image of his strike at the start of the match, but still difficulties to impose itself in the midfield. The Brazilian midfielder was jostled by PSV players in the midfield. He ended the match in turmoil, forced to see the opposing waves. Replace the 75th minute with Sofiane Diop (not rated), scorer of a furious tackle at the end of the match.

Caio Henrique (8): read comment above.

Kevin Volland (6.5): of course, the German striker did not score, but his debauchery of energy has done a lot of good for his partners. His defensive retreats prevented the opponent’s first raise on numerous occasions. As he nosedived in the second half, he pulled out to deflect Caio Henrique on the second goal. A mind of steel.

Myron Boadu (6): the air of the country is obviously good! Mute since his arrival, the Dutch striker has finally unlocked his counter with a goal full of class on a service from Caio Henrique. An achievement that will reassure him, even if he eats the scoresheet before the break on a very badly negotiated cons. Replace the 70th minute with Wissam Ben Yedder (non not).

+ Find the results and the ranking of the Europa League on Maxifoot

And for you, who were the best and worst players of the game? Respond in the “comments” area below!

PSV EINDHOVEN 1-2 MONACO (mi-tps: 0-1) – EUROPA LEAGUE – Group B (Monaco) / 3rd day
Stadium: Philips Stadion, Eindhoven – Referee: Davide Massa, Italy

Buts : C. Gakpo (59th) for PSV EINDHOVEN – M. Boadu (20th) S. Diop (89th) for MONACO
Warnings : C. Gakpo (51e), Vincius (76th), pour PSV EINDHOVEN

PSV EINDHOVEN : J. DrommelAndr Ramalho, A. ObispoP. Mwene, P. MaxM. van Ginkel, M. Gtze, O. BoscagliN. Madueke (Y. Vertessen, 56e), Vincius (E. Zahavi, 87e), C. Gakpo (Bruma, 65e)

MONACO : A. NbelA. Disasi (Gelson Martins, 74e), G. Maripn, B. BadiashileR. Aguilar, Caio HenriqueY. Fofana (E. Matazo, 69e), Jean Lucas (S. Diop, 75e)A. TchouamniK. Volland, M. Boadu (W. Ben Yedder, 70e)

Boadu scored his first goal for Monaco (0-1, 19th)

Gakpo raised concerns with ASM

Nbel was reassuring on his line

DIop offered his club the victory (1-2, 89th)

.

) [summary] => Quite clearly dominated, Monaco managed to dye the PSV (1-2), this Thursday, during the 3rd day of the group stage of the Europa League. A real hold-up of the princely formation which alone takes the reins of group B. Volland was invaluable to Monaco. A hell of a hold-up! On the ropes for nearly an ... Read more [atom_content] =>

Quite clearly dominated, Monaco managed to dye the PSV (1-2), this Thursday, during the 3rd day of the group stage of the Europa League. A real hold-up of the princely formation which alone takes the reins of group B.

Volland was invaluable to Monaco.

A hell of a hold-up! On the ropes for nearly an hour, Monaco managed to beat PSV (1-2) on Thursday as part of the 3rd day of the group stage of the Europa League.

A score that does not necessarily reflect the physiognomy of the match as the princely formation suffered in the second period. But she never broke up and ended up winning to leave the Netherlands with the three points and the head of Group B halfway through.

Boadu finally scores!

In a warm Eindhoven atmosphere, the game started off at a high pace. Despite the Dutch pressure, Monaco was more dangerous with in particular a strike from Jean Lucas stopped by Drommel. Domination quickly rewarded with the first goal under his new colors from Boadu, who took advantage of a superb serve from Caio Henrique to slip the ball between the legs of the opposing goalkeeper (0-1, 19th).

Stung, the PSV passed the second. Pushed by a very noisy public, the Batavians were more aggressive in the duels and sharp against, the image of an attempt saved in extremis by Disasi. Over the minutes, the match felt more and more suffering and Monaco, although dominated, could have dyed the Philips Stadion if Boadu had not lacked lucidity, alone against, when adjusting his shot shortly before. the break.

Diop dyes the Philips Stadion

Coming back from the locker room, the Eindhoven club were pushing very hard. But Vinicius, twice, and Gakpo, came up against Maripan and Nbel each time, very vigilant in front of their goal. By dint of suffering, the punishment fell for the ASM. On a loss of ball from Disasi, Gakpo relied on Vinicius before deceiving the German goalkeeper with a heavy strike low to the ground 20 meters (1-1, 59th). A well-deserved equalization for vacant premises.

Aware that his troops were no longer responding, Niko Kovac brought new blood with many changes and a tactical modification to curb the enemy’s momentum. A plan that bore fruit since the PSV was therefore less dangerous, paying its standards for more than an hour. Better yet, Diop, served by Caio Henrique, delivered his own by deceiving Drommel with a furious tackle late in the game (1-2, 89th). The Monaco robbery!

The score of the match: 7/10

A real European Cup match in a very hot venue! Quickly ahead, Monaco can be happy to have left the Philips Stadion with such a victory as it was so complicated during the last hour. The PSV quite clearly dominated the debates by offering an exciting performance with a Gakpo which made a strong impression. Overall a nice meeting to follow, with a happy ending!

The goals :

– On the left side, Caio Henrique addresses a sharp cross in Boadu’s race. The Dutch striker passes in front of Obispo to slip the ball between the legs of Drommel (0-1, 19th).

– Max takes a ball from Disasi’s feet. Gakpo seizes it and goes up the camp of Monaco. The Dutch striker relies on Vinicius, who involuntarily hands him over. The young Batavian follows and unleashes a heavy strike low to the ground 20 meters to deceive Nbel (1-1, 59th).

– At the entrance to the area, Volland tears off and shifts Caio Henrique to his left. Not attacked, the Brazilian left side delivers a caviar for Diop, who throws himself to deceive Drommel with a furious tackle (1-2, 89th).

Player NOTES

Maxifoot has awarded a score (out of 10) comments on each player.

Man of the match: Caio Henrique (8/10)

An excellent match for the Brazilian left side. In his usual style, he crashed a lot in his lane, bringing Boadu’s opening score with a magnificent opening in the depth. Less visible after the break and forced to defend lower, he offers new Diop caviar for the winning goal!

PSV EINDHOVEN :

Jol Drommel (5): the PSV goalkeeper can ruminate. He was decisive in two hot situations against Jean Lucas and Volland in the first half but was too easily overwhelmed by Boadu’s goal. On this Diop, he is let down by his defense, disorganized.

Philipp Mwene (5): the right lateral experienced a complicated first period, being too often had by Caio Henrique. He tightened the bolts after returning from the locker room to control the Brazilian left side … until the 89th minute, fatal for PSV.

Andr Ramalho (5): average. The Brazilian did not breathe serenity and struggled to align with Obispo. He lacked lucidity on several sequences.

Armando Obispo (6): the Dutch defender started the game badly by being fooled quite stupidly by Boadu on the opening score of the ASM. However, he recovered very well with several duels won against his compatriot throughout the match.

Philipp Max (6): the player passed through Augsburg was more than correct. In addition to having worked a lot on Aguilar, he is the origin of the goal of the PSV with a high recovery on Disasi. He didn’t blush from his match.

Marco Van Ginkel (6.5): the captain of PSV answered now. His ball tricks hurt the Mongasques, who were not always able to slow him down. He distributed the game rather well.

Mario Gtze (4): disappointing. The only scorer in the 2014 World Cup final was absent from the discussions, suffering from the physical power of his opponents. He did not weigh in this game.

Olivier Boscagli (4): medium. The former Niois weighed too little, hiding too often in this match. He did too little to push his opponents to their limits.

Chukwunonso Madueke (5): stirring, nothing more. He was generally awkward on his piercings. He comes out hurt and frustrated. Replace the 56th minute with Yorbe Vertessen (non not).

Vincius (6): the former ASM scorer was in sight. He provoked a lot, stumbling twice on Nbel after returning from the locker room. He is the decisive passer on Gakpo’s goal. Replace the 87th minute with Eran Zahavi (non not).

Cody Maths Gakpo (7.5): Considered one of the greatest hopes of Dutch football, the young striker has hurt ASM badly. Still forward, he crashed heavily to corner his opponents. The Oranje passes the second after the break in equalizer on a goal which he himself created. He comes out touching the ankle. Replace the 64th minute with Bruma (non not).

MONACO :

Alexander Nbel (6): a bizarre copy made by the German goalkeeper. He was as reassuring on his line, with some important saves on shots from Vinicius and Gakpo, as he was frustrating on his openings at the foot. In the end, an overall convincing match. ASM fans take it!

Guillermo Maripn (6): the Chilean has nothing to be wrong about this match. He made the necessary interventions, including the one in front of Gakpo after returning from the locker room, to repel PSV. He donated his body on some very hot sequences.

Axel Disasi (5): the central defender, captain of the evening, was strong for an hour. His intervention on an almost decisive pass by Van Ginkel in the first period saved his team from a very likely Dutch equalizer. However, it was he who lost the fatal ball leading to Gakpo’s goal. An action that spoils his game. Replace 74th minute with Gelson Martins (non not).

B. Badiashile (5): an average encounter for Mongascian rock. Poison on the offensive stops early in the game, he had a little more trouble in the duels with Vinicius and Gakpo, who made use of their speed to hurt him. He suffered on the whole.

Ruben Aguilar (7): a match that will give confidence to the right side. In a role of piston, he was comfortable and especially provided very great efforts in his hallway. Not everything was perfect offensively, but his generosity and constant focus discouraged his opponents in his zone. Very courageous.

Aurlien Tchouamni (6.5): a good match for the French international. The former Bordelais responded with authority in the rough duels engaged by the Dutch. Even if he was a little more in difficulty after the break, he never gave up to pick up the thread in the last quarter of an hour.

Youssouf Fofana (5.5): the former Strasbourg player was interesting in his ability to erase the game with openings often felt in the first period. On the other hand, he suffered a lot in the less good period of Monaco. Replace the 70th minute with Eliot Matazo (non not).

Jean Lucas (4): good will, the image of his strike at the start of the match, but still difficulties to impose itself in the midfield. The Brazilian midfielder was jostled by PSV players in the midfield. He ended the match in turmoil, forced to see the opposing waves. Replace the 75th minute with Sofiane Diop (not rated), scorer of a furious tackle at the end of the match.

Caio Henrique (8): read comment above.

Kevin Volland (6.5): of course, the German striker did not score, but his debauchery of energy has done a lot of good for his partners. His defensive retreats prevented the opponent’s first raise on numerous occasions. As he nosedived in the second half, he pulled out to deflect Caio Henrique on the second goal. A mind of steel.

Myron Boadu (6): the air of the country is obviously good! Mute since his arrival, the Dutch striker has finally unlocked his counter with a goal full of class on a service from Caio Henrique. An achievement that will reassure him, even if he eats the scoresheet before the break on a very badly negotiated cons. Replace the 70th minute with Wissam Ben Yedder (non not).

+ Find the results and the ranking of the Europa League on Maxifoot

And for you, who were the best and worst players of the game? Respond in the “comments” area below!

PSV EINDHOVEN 1-2 MONACO (mi-tps: 0-1) – EUROPA LEAGUE – Group B (Monaco) / 3rd day
Stadium: Philips Stadion, Eindhoven – Referee: Davide Massa, Italy

Buts : C. Gakpo (59th) for PSV EINDHOVEN – M. Boadu (20th) S. Diop (89th) for MONACO
Warnings : C. Gakpo (51e), Vincius (76th), pour PSV EINDHOVEN

PSV EINDHOVEN : J. DrommelAndr Ramalho, A. ObispoP. Mwene, P. MaxM. van Ginkel, M. Gtze, O. BoscagliN. Madueke (Y. Vertessen, 56e), Vincius (E. Zahavi, 87e), C. Gakpo (Bruma, 65e)

MONACO : A. NbelA. Disasi (Gelson Martins, 74e), G. Maripn, B. BadiashileR. Aguilar, Caio HenriqueY. Fofana (E. Matazo, 69e), Jean Lucas (S. Diop, 75e)A. TchouamniK. Volland, M. Boadu (W. Ben Yedder, 70e)

Boadu scored his first goal for Monaco (0-1, 19th)

Gakpo raised concerns with ASM

Nbel was reassuring on his line

DIop offered his club the victory (1-2, 89th)

.

[date_timestamp] => 1634871725 ) [9] => Array ( [title] => The 100 Best Series Of The 21st Century, According To A BBC Poll [link] => https://bbc-edition.com/the-100-best-series-of-the-21st-century-according-to-a-bbc-poll/ [dc] => Array ( [creator] => Pauline Potteer ) [pubdate] => Fri, 22 Oct 2021 02:47:03 +0000 [category] => Entertainment21stBBCcenturypollseries [guid] => https://bbc-edition.com/the-100-best-series-of-the-21st-century-according-to-a-bbc-poll/ [description] => Mystery or comedy, with political, romantic or supernatural plots, limited or endless ? there are series for all tastes. BBC Culture has been conducting annual surveys of film industry critics, experts and personalities for some time to select the best films in one category or another. So, you have probably read our list of the ... Read more [content] => Array ( [encoded] =>

Mystery or comedy, with political, romantic or supernatural plots, limited or endless ? there are series for all tastes.

BBC Culture has been conducting annual surveys of film industry critics, experts and personalities for some time to select the best films in one category or another.

So, you have probably read our list of the 100 best films of 2019 directed by women or the list of the 100 best foreign-language films of 2018.

But this year we have considered that it was time to pay attention to another art, that of television, which has played a crucial role in our lives during the last 18 months, since we have come to it to inform and entertain ourselves, or also to comfort and inspire us.

Has been the shape artistic dominant of the last 21 years: Considered in the past ? wrongly or not ? as the improvised little sister of cinema, its current category is irrefutable, thanks also to the content platforms that have allowed the programs to reach unprecedented global audiences.

How many series on the list have you seen?

So, in recognition of the dominance of the television format, we ask the question: what are the best TV series of the 21st century?

Although there is no single answer, the reactions we have collected are fascinating ? and we hope they inspire TV lovers around the world to search for those series they have not seen before, as well as to re-reflect and discuss those they already have. have seen.

Total, 206 experts ? critics, journalists, academics and industry figures ? from 43 countriesThey, from Albania to Uruguay, voted for 460 different series.

Of these voters, 100 were women, 104 men, and two non-binary people. Each voter prepared a list of their 10 favorite TV series of the 21st century, rated and ranked to produce the top 100 list that you will see at the end of this article.

A woman selects programs on a virtual TV screen

TV has been the dominant art form of the 21st century.

The result is a list that is outlined as a true testament to the power, versatility and innovation of the medium over the past two decades, from the village saga Gilmore Girls going through the scathing comedy Curb Your Enthusiasm, until the most recent The Underground Railroad, made by Barry Jenkins which premiered in May 2021.

At the same time, while the list is extensive, it also reflects significant biases. 92 of the series have English as the main language, with Danish, Swedish, French, Spanish and German among the other languages.

On the other hand, 79 of the 100 shows were created by men, only 11 by women and 10 in combination of men and women.

A large billboard announces the series I May Destroy You, December 21, 2020

I May Destroy You was one of the few series on the list created by a woman.

These two statistics address systemic inequities in the industry.

However, the future outlook heralds crucial changes: non-English language series accumulate a growing international audience and there is greater diversity in the range of voices ? in terms of race, gender and sexual orientation ? that have creative control.

It would be interesting to see what the results of a similar survey can be in five, 10 or 20 years.

As always, the list is not designed as an ending itself, but rather as a simple starting point for discovery, discussion and debate.

What do you think about it? Did something stay out of us?

We hope the results inspire and excite you as much as we do because collectively they not only celebrate their own TV, but represent a glimpse of the modern age.

Part of the cast of The Wire, during the launch of the series

Part of the cast of The Wire, during the launch of the series considered the best of the 21st century, according to the BBC survey.

THE BEST 100 TELEVISION SERIES

1. The Wire (2002-2008)

2. Mad Men (2007-2015)

3. Breaking Bad (2008-2013)

4. Fleabag (2016-2019)

5. Game of Thrones (?Game of Thrones?) (2011-2019)

6. I May Destroy You (?I could destroy you?) (2020)

7.The Leftovers (2014-2017)

8. The Americans (2013-2018)

9. The Office (UK version) (2001-2003)

10. Succession (2018-)

11. BoJack Horseman (2014-2020)

12. Six Feet Under (?Six feet under ground? or ?Two meters under ground?) (2001-2005)

13. Twin Peaks: The Return (2017)

14. ?Atlanta? (2016-)

15. Chernobyl (2019)

16. The Crown (2016-)

17. 30 Rock (“Rockefeller Plaza”) (2006-2013)

18. Deadwood (?Corrupt people?) (2004-2006)

19. Lost (?Lost) (2004-2010)

20. The Thick of It (2005-2012)

21. Curb Your Enthusiasm (?The Larry David Show?) (2000-)

22. Black Mirror (2011-)

23. Better Call Saul (2015-2022)

24. Veep (2012-2019)

25. Sherlock (2010-2017)

26. Watchmen (?Watchmen, the watchers?) (2019)

27. Line of Duty (2012-2021)

28. Friday Night Lights (2006-2011)

29. Parks and Recreation (2009-2015)

30. Girls (2012-2017)

31. True Detective (2014-2019)

32. Arrested Development (?Family sacrifices?) (2003-2019)

33. The Good Wife (?The Exemplary Wife?) (2009-2016)

34. Source / Broen (?The Bridge?) (2011-2018)

35. ?Fargo? (2014-)

36. Downton Abbey (2010-2015)

37. Band of Brothers (?Blood brothers?) (2001)

38. The Handmaid?s Tale (?The Handmaid?s Tale?) (2017-)

39. The Office (EE.UU. version) (2005-2013)

40. Bail (2010-2022)

41. Schitt’s Creek (2015-2020)

42. Peep Show (2003-2015)

43. ?The paper house? (2017-2021)

44. Community (2009-2015)

45. The Good Fight (?The exemplary battle?) (2017-)

46. Homeland (2011-2020)

47. Grey?s Anatomy (?Grey?s Anatomy?) (2005-)

48. Inside No 9 (2014-)

49. The Legends Office (?Office of infiltrators?) (2015-)

50. Halt and Catch Fire (2014-2017)

51. Small Axe (2020)

52. This is England 86, 88 and 90 (2010-2015)

53. Call My Agent! (Ten Percent) (2015-2020)

54. Happy Valley (2014-)

55. The Shield (?The shield? or ?On the fringes of the law?) (2002-2008)

56. The Big Bang Theory (?The Big Bang Theory?) (2007-2019)

57. The Young Pope (2016)

58. Dark (2017-2020)

59. The Underground Railroad (?The Underground Railroad?) (2021)

60. House of Cards (2013-2018)

61. Avatar: The Last Airbender (?Avatar: The Last Airbender?) (2005-2008)

62. The Good Place (2016-2020)

63. Pose (2018-2021)

64. Detectorists (2014-2017)

65. Orange is the New Black (2013-2019)

66. Mare of Easttown (2021)

67. RuPaul?s Drag Race (2009-)

68. Stranger Things (2016-)

69. ?24? (2001-2010)

70. Battlestar Galactica (?Galactica, Battle Star?) (2004-2009)

71. Enlightened (?Illuminated?) (2011-2013)

72. Gilmore Girls (?Gilmore Girls?) (2000-2007)

73. Planet Earth (?Planet Earth?) (2006)

74. Utopia (2013-2014)

75. Babylon Berlin (2017-)

76. Rick and Morty (2013-)

77. American Crime Story (2016-)

78. The Killing (2007-2012)

79. Mindhunter (2017-2019)

80. House (2004-2012)

81. OJ: Made in America (2016)

82. Big Little Lies (2017-2019)

83. Insecure (2016-2021)

84. Normal People (2020)

85. ?Narcos? (2015-2017)

86. How I Met Your Mother (?How I Met Your Mother?) (2005-2014)

87. The Comeback (2005-2014)

88. The OA (2016-2019)

89. ?Dexter? (2006-2013)

90. It?s Always Sunny in Philadelphia (?There is always sunshine in Philadelphia? or ?It?s always sunny in Philadelphia?) (2005-)

91. Westworld (2016-)

92. Show Me a Hero (2015)

93. Treme (2010-2013)

94. Louie (2010-2015)

95. Luther (2010-2019)

96. Catastrophe (2015-2019)

97. Hannibal (2013-2015)

98. Crazy Ex-Girlfriend (2015-2019)

99. Steven Universe (2013-2020)

100. The Queen?s Gambit (?Lady?s Gambit?) (2020)

Now you can receive notifications from BBC Mundo. Download the new version of our app and activate them so you don?t miss out on our best content.

) [summary] => Mystery or comedy, with political, romantic or supernatural plots, limited or endless ? there are series for all tastes. BBC Culture has been conducting annual surveys of film industry critics, experts and personalities for some time to select the best films in one category or another. So, you have probably read our list of the ... Read more [atom_content] =>

Mystery or comedy, with political, romantic or supernatural plots, limited or endless ? there are series for all tastes.

BBC Culture has been conducting annual surveys of film industry critics, experts and personalities for some time to select the best films in one category or another.

So, you have probably read our list of the 100 best films of 2019 directed by women or the list of the 100 best foreign-language films of 2018.

But this year we have considered that it was time to pay attention to another art, that of television, which has played a crucial role in our lives during the last 18 months, since we have come to it to inform and entertain ourselves, or also to comfort and inspire us.

Has been the shape artistic dominant of the last 21 years: Considered in the past ? wrongly or not ? as the improvised little sister of cinema, its current category is irrefutable, thanks also to the content platforms that have allowed the programs to reach unprecedented global audiences.

How many series on the list have you seen?

So, in recognition of the dominance of the television format, we ask the question: what are the best TV series of the 21st century?

Although there is no single answer, the reactions we have collected are fascinating ? and we hope they inspire TV lovers around the world to search for those series they have not seen before, as well as to re-reflect and discuss those they already have. have seen.

Total, 206 experts ? critics, journalists, academics and industry figures ? from 43 countriesThey, from Albania to Uruguay, voted for 460 different series.

Of these voters, 100 were women, 104 men, and two non-binary people. Each voter prepared a list of their 10 favorite TV series of the 21st century, rated and ranked to produce the top 100 list that you will see at the end of this article.

A woman selects programs on a virtual TV screen

TV has been the dominant art form of the 21st century.

The result is a list that is outlined as a true testament to the power, versatility and innovation of the medium over the past two decades, from the village saga Gilmore Girls going through the scathing comedy Curb Your Enthusiasm, until the most recent The Underground Railroad, made by Barry Jenkins which premiered in May 2021.

At the same time, while the list is extensive, it also reflects significant biases. 92 of the series have English as the main language, with Danish, Swedish, French, Spanish and German among the other languages.

On the other hand, 79 of the 100 shows were created by men, only 11 by women and 10 in combination of men and women.

A large billboard announces the series I May Destroy You, December 21, 2020

I May Destroy You was one of the few series on the list created by a woman.

These two statistics address systemic inequities in the industry.

However, the future outlook heralds crucial changes: non-English language series accumulate a growing international audience and there is greater diversity in the range of voices ? in terms of race, gender and sexual orientation ? that have creative control.

It would be interesting to see what the results of a similar survey can be in five, 10 or 20 years.

As always, the list is not designed as an ending itself, but rather as a simple starting point for discovery, discussion and debate.

What do you think about it? Did something stay out of us?

We hope the results inspire and excite you as much as we do because collectively they not only celebrate their own TV, but represent a glimpse of the modern age.

Part of the cast of The Wire, during the launch of the series

Part of the cast of The Wire, during the launch of the series considered the best of the 21st century, according to the BBC survey.

THE BEST 100 TELEVISION SERIES

1. The Wire (2002-2008)

2. Mad Men (2007-2015)

3. Breaking Bad (2008-2013)

4. Fleabag (2016-2019)

5. Game of Thrones (?Game of Thrones?) (2011-2019)

6. I May Destroy You (?I could destroy you?) (2020)

7.The Leftovers (2014-2017)

8. The Americans (2013-2018)

9. The Office (UK version) (2001-2003)

10. Succession (2018-)

11. BoJack Horseman (2014-2020)

12. Six Feet Under (?Six feet under ground? or ?Two meters under ground?) (2001-2005)

13. Twin Peaks: The Return (2017)

14. ?Atlanta? (2016-)

15. Chernobyl (2019)

16. The Crown (2016-)

17. 30 Rock (“Rockefeller Plaza”) (2006-2013)

18. Deadwood (?Corrupt people?) (2004-2006)

19. Lost (?Lost) (2004-2010)

20. The Thick of It (2005-2012)

21. Curb Your Enthusiasm (?The Larry David Show?) (2000-)

22. Black Mirror (2011-)

23. Better Call Saul (2015-2022)

24. Veep (2012-2019)

25. Sherlock (2010-2017)

26. Watchmen (?Watchmen, the watchers?) (2019)

27. Line of Duty (2012-2021)

28. Friday Night Lights (2006-2011)

29. Parks and Recreation (2009-2015)

30. Girls (2012-2017)

31. True Detective (2014-2019)

32. Arrested Development (?Family sacrifices?) (2003-2019)

33. The Good Wife (?The Exemplary Wife?) (2009-2016)

34. Source / Broen (?The Bridge?) (2011-2018)

35. ?Fargo? (2014-)

36. Downton Abbey (2010-2015)

37. Band of Brothers (?Blood brothers?) (2001)

38. The Handmaid?s Tale (?The Handmaid?s Tale?) (2017-)

39. The Office (EE.UU. version) (2005-2013)

40. Bail (2010-2022)

41. Schitt’s Creek (2015-2020)

42. Peep Show (2003-2015)

43. ?The paper house? (2017-2021)

44. Community (2009-2015)

45. The Good Fight (?The exemplary battle?) (2017-)

46. Homeland (2011-2020)

47. Grey?s Anatomy (?Grey?s Anatomy?) (2005-)

48. Inside No 9 (2014-)

49. The Legends Office (?Office of infiltrators?) (2015-)

50. Halt and Catch Fire (2014-2017)

51. Small Axe (2020)

52. This is England 86, 88 and 90 (2010-2015)

53. Call My Agent! (Ten Percent) (2015-2020)

54. Happy Valley (2014-)

55. The Shield (?The shield? or ?On the fringes of the law?) (2002-2008)

56. The Big Bang Theory (?The Big Bang Theory?) (2007-2019)

57. The Young Pope (2016)

58. Dark (2017-2020)

59. The Underground Railroad (?The Underground Railroad?) (2021)

60. House of Cards (2013-2018)

61. Avatar: The Last Airbender (?Avatar: The Last Airbender?) (2005-2008)

62. The Good Place (2016-2020)

63. Pose (2018-2021)

64. Detectorists (2014-2017)

65. Orange is the New Black (2013-2019)

66. Mare of Easttown (2021)

67. RuPaul?s Drag Race (2009-)

68. Stranger Things (2016-)

69. ?24? (2001-2010)

70. Battlestar Galactica (?Galactica, Battle Star?) (2004-2009)

71. Enlightened (?Illuminated?) (2011-2013)

72. Gilmore Girls (?Gilmore Girls?) (2000-2007)

73. Planet Earth (?Planet Earth?) (2006)

74. Utopia (2013-2014)

75. Babylon Berlin (2017-)

76. Rick and Morty (2013-)

77. American Crime Story (2016-)

78. The Killing (2007-2012)

79. Mindhunter (2017-2019)

80. House (2004-2012)

81. OJ: Made in America (2016)

82. Big Little Lies (2017-2019)

83. Insecure (2016-2021)

84. Normal People (2020)

85. ?Narcos? (2015-2017)

86. How I Met Your Mother (?How I Met Your Mother?) (2005-2014)

87. The Comeback (2005-2014)

88. The OA (2016-2019)

89. ?Dexter? (2006-2013)

90. It?s Always Sunny in Philadelphia (?There is always sunshine in Philadelphia? or ?It?s always sunny in Philadelphia?) (2005-)

91. Westworld (2016-)

92. Show Me a Hero (2015)

93. Treme (2010-2013)

94. Louie (2010-2015)

95. Luther (2010-2019)

96. Catastrophe (2015-2019)

97. Hannibal (2013-2015)

98. Crazy Ex-Girlfriend (2015-2019)

99. Steven Universe (2013-2020)

100. The Queen?s Gambit (?Lady?s Gambit?) (2020)

Now you can receive notifications from BBC Mundo. Download the new version of our app and activate them so you don?t miss out on our best content.

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